What are the 8 phases of EMDR treatment?
- History Taking: Therapists explores client/symptom background, assesses treatment readiness and develops a treatment plan.
- Preparation: Therapist assess current coping skills and outlets while teaching and reinforcing healthy and adaptive ways to manage emotions that may occur during EMDR process.
- Assessment: Therapist works with the client to identify target needing to be processed; including a mental image, negative belief and feelings associated with this target.
- Reprocessing: Therapist leads the client through ‘sets’ of bilateral stimulation (eye movements, tactile stimulation or sounds) that allow the mind to move towards more healthy and adaptive ways to process memories. The therapist helps the client to move through sets but the client is the one who makes connections and allows memories to heal and change.
- Installation: When targets have transitioned away from negative beliefs and emotional disruption to healthier and more adaptive ones this is then reinforced within the client.
- Body Scan: The client assesses themselves for any remaining physical distress or disruption related to target memory.
- Closure: Therapist assists the client in creating closure at the end of each session and ensuring they have the emotional resources and calming outlets needed to manage any emotions or distress between sessions.
- Reevaluation: At the following session therapist and client reassess target needs and directio
Resources to learn more:
There are also some great resources available to use to assist yourself and/or a loved one explore and understand this great evidenced based treatment. Some of the ones we often recommend include:
Getting Past Your Past: Take Control of Your Life By: Francine Shapiro
This is an easy read book meant for someone considering, preparing for or undergoing EMDR therapy. It outlines the process in non clinical terms and we frequently recommend it to people BEFORE we will start EMDR
Movie: Inside Out
This fantastic animated movie illustrates not only the use of emotions but also many core parts of the EMDR process. Offers a great language base in discussing the process with kids and adults.